Terpenes and terpenoids are aromatic hydrocarbons, which are the building blocks for plants’ essential oils and resins. They produce cannabis plants of unique color, smell, and flavor. There are ~120 terpenes in the cannabis plant. Terpenes also produce their own beneficial effects on the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

A myriad of health-related benefits have been ascribed to terpenes including reducing discomfort and anxiousness and supporting a healthy inflammatory response. Some terpenes may even help combat harmful bacteria.